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Social Butterfly 

Can having a lot of social interactions be good for your health?

July 3, 2019

Original Article

Tomorrow most US Americans will be socializing a lot celebrating the 4th of July. 

So a lot of research has been done, looking at the relationship between social interaction and health.

With most conclusions stating, positive social interactions are linked to good health.

But because of how most of the research is done (observationally) it is not 100% clear if social interactions 

actually cause better health or if the 2 are just connected because healthy people socialize more than non healthy people. 

Dr. Jeremy Howick a medical researcher at the University of Oxford published an article this year to make it all clear. 


1. Increase of positive social interactions increasing better health 

2. The Bradford Hill Guidelines are a valid tool for researchers to use

3. Using the Bradford Hill Guidelines will decrease amount of time needed to 

validate observational experiments; this is good for the scientist and great for the general public

3 Important Facts about the Research:

1. The Bradford Hill Guidelines are a set of guidelines for a reacher to determine if 

their observational study can prove causality.

2. Using the Bradford Hill Guidelines to check previous research, Dr. Howick and his colleges 

looked at the relationship social interaction has on health benefits.

3. They conclude that having strong and supportive social relationships does causes better health and longer life.

4. The Bradford Hill Guidelines are an acceptable tool for researchers to use to show 

their observational study tests for causality. 

Information about the Scientist:

Dr. Jeremy Howick is a philosopher and medical researcher at the University of Oxford

Dr.  Howick has studied research about placebos and why we need unbiased experiments. He has over 80 academic publications in top journals, he has won 3 teaching awards, he appears regularly on television, and he has written for the Times and Huffington Post. Currently he is working on looking at the benefits of doctor empathy. 

I Scream You Scream We all Scream for Sunscreen

Is there a wrong or right way to put on sunscreen?

Today starts the official first day of SUMMER!!! This means Beach, Sun, & Sunscreen.

But, is having a sunscreen with high SPF enough to prevent skin cancer?

A lab team from the United Kingdom looked at regular sunscreen compared to (cosmetic) moisturizing sunscreens.

A lab team from Denmark states compared the number of times a person applies sunscreen to the body.


1. If you use a moisturizing sunscreen (ex. Olay Moisturizers SPF30) 

use a regular sunscreen lotion on the eyelids (ex. Soltan SPF30)

2. Apply sunscreen at least 2 times before going out into the sun. 

3 Important Facts about the Research:

1. Using the moisturizing sunscreens (ex. Olay Moisturizer SPF30) does not protect your eyelids from sun damage compared to using regular sunscreen (ex. Soltan SPF30).

2. When you only apply sunscreen 1 time before going out into the sun you don't cover all you skin and you don't have enough sunscreen on. 

3.  Before going out into the sun you should put apply sunscreen 2 times to make sure you are protecting all of your skin. 

Information about the Scientist:

United Kingdom Lab: At the University of Liverpool the researchers in the Institute of Aging and Chronic Disease 

work hard to understand the eye and the process of seeing.

Denmark Lab: At the University of Copenhagen the researchers in the Department of Dermatology at 

Bispebjerg Hospital work hard to

understand the skin-health and UV exposure. 

Laser the Cancer Away

Are scientist are getting closer to a healthy treatment for cancer? Maybe...

December 13, 2018

Original Article

Back in 2014 Dr. Hadiyah-Nicole Green and her lab mates published an 

article looking at using nanoparticles (or NP) as a method to destroy cancer.

She calls the method nanotherapy.


 Dr. Green successfully destroyed 100% of the human cancer cells in mice using the nanotherapy… 

Next steps is performing the method in HUMANs.

5 Important Facts About the Research:

1. This research has the potential to help anyone with oral, head and neck cancer.

2. In the paper Dr. Green used hairless female mice, injected with oral, neck or head, human cancer cells and allowed the cancer to grow.

3. Dr. Green then performed treatment on the mice using her Nanotherapy method

4. Results: Dr. Green was able to destroy the cancer within 15 days

Information about the Scientist:

DR. green currently works at her non-profit cancer research foundation, the 

Ora Lee Smith Cancer Research Foundation, in Atlanta GA. 

Currently she is raising money to start clinical trials on humans.